And Yet It Moves: Intergenerational Mobility in Italy
Giovanni L. Violante
- American Economic Journal: Applied Economics (Forthcoming)
We estimate intergenerational income mobility in Italy using administrative data from tax returns. Our
estimates of mobility in Italy are higher than prior work using survey data and other indirect methods.
The rank-rank slope of parent-child income in Italy is 0.22, compared to 0.18 in Denmark and 0.34 in the
United States. The probability that a child reaches the top quintile of the national income distribution
starting from a family in the bottom quintile is 0.11. Upward mobility is higher for sons and first-born
children. We uncover substantial geographical variation: upward mobility rates are much higher in
Northern Italy, where provinces have higher measured school quality, more stable families, and more
favorable labor market conditions.
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