Bertrand, Kamenica, and Pan (2015) document that in the United States there is a discontinuity to the right of 0.5 in the distribution of households according to the female share of total earnings, which they attribute to the existence of a gender identity norm. We provide an alternative explanation for this discontinuity. Using linked employer-employee data from Finland, we show that the discontinuity emerges as a result of equalization and convergence of earnings in coworking couples, and it is associated with an increase in the relative earnings of women, rather than a decrease as predicted by the norm.
Zinovyeva, Natalia, and Maryna Tverdostup.
"Gender Identity, Coworking Spouses, and Relative Income within Households."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure; Domestic Abuse
Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
Time Allocation and Labor Supply
Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification