In developing countries, NGOs and governments often rely on local groups for the delivery of financial and public services. This paper studies how the design of rules used for group leader selection affects leader identity and shapes service delivery. To do so, we randomly assign newly formed savings and loan groups to select their leaders using either a public discussion procedure or a private vote procedure. Leaders selected with a private vote are found to be less positively selected on socioeconomic characteristics. This results in groups that are more inclusive toward poor members, without being less economically efficient.
Deserranno, Erika, Miri Stryjan, and Munshi Sulaiman.
"Leader Selection and Service Delivery in Community Groups: Experimental Evidence from Uganda."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
Economic Development: Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification