How persistent are the effects of conflict on bias toward co-ethnics? What are the channels of persistence? We employ a measure of ethnic bias derived from decisions made by Israeli Arab and Jewish judges to study the levels and determinants of bias during the 2000-2004 conflict and its aftermath (2007-2010). Despite the fall in violence, we find no evidence of a general attenuation in bias. Furthermore, bias remains positively associated with past intensity of violence in different localities. This persistence does not appear to be due to judges' personal exposure to violence but rather to different dynamics in afflicted areas.
Shayo, Moses, and Asaf Zussman.
"Conflict and the Persistence of Ethnic Bias."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination