We investigate the link between how male-dominated a field is, and
gender bias against women in this field. Taking the entrance exam
of a French higher education institution as a natural experiment, we
find that evaluation is actually biased in favor of females in more
male-dominated subjects (e.g., math, philosophy) and in favor of
males in more female-dominated subjects (e.g., literature, biology),
inducing a rebalancing of gender ratios between students recruited
for research careers in science and humanities majors. Evaluation
bias is identified from systematic variations across subjects in the
gap between students' nonanonymous oral and anonymous written
test scores. (JEL I23, J16, J71)
Breda, Thomas, and Son Thierry Ly.
"Professors in Core Science Fields Are Not Always Biased against Women: Evidence from France."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Higher Education; Research Institutions
Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination