Mid-twentieth century malaria eradication campaigns largely eliminated
malaria from Paraguay and Sri Lanka. Using these interventions
as quasi-experiments, I estimate malaria's effect on lifetime
female educational attainment through the combination of pre-existing
geographic variation in malarial intensity and cohort exposure
based on the timing of the national anti-malaria campaigns. The
estimates from Sri Lanka and Paraguay are similar and indicate
that malaria eradication increased years of educational attainment
and literacy. The similarity of the estimates across the countries
reinforces our confidence in the validity of the identification strategy.
(JEL I12, I18, I21, J16, O15, O18)
Lucas, Adrienne M.
"Malaria Eradication and Educational Attainment: Evidence from Paraguay and Sri Lanka."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Health: Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
Analysis of Education
Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses; Transportation