In France, as in the US, a mother's labor market participation is
influenced by the sex composition of her two eldest siblings. This
paper shows that it is also affected by the sex composition of the
eldest siblings of the other mothers living in the same close neighborhood.
Using the sex composition of neighbors' eldest siblings as
an instrumental variable, we identify a significant elasticity of own
labor market participation to neighbors' participation. We present
supportive evidence by comparing the estimates under two regimes
for family benefits (pre- and post-1994 reform) and using quarter of
birth as an alternative instrument. (JEL J16, J22)
Maurin, Eric, and Julie Moschion.
"The Social Multiplier and Labor Market Participation of Mothers."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
Time Allocation and Labor Supply