Firm Sorting and Agglomeration
- (pp. 3117-53)
AbstractTo account for the uneven distribution of economic activity in space, I propose a theory of the location choices of heterogeneous firms in a variety of sectors across cities. In equilibrium, the distribution of city sizes and the sorting patterns of firms are uniquely determined and affect aggregate TFP and welfare. I estimate the model using French firm-level data and find that nearly half of the productivity advantage of large cities is due to firm sorting, the rest coming from agglomeration economies. I quantify the general equilibrium effects of place-based policies: policies that subsidize smaller cities have negative aggregate effects.
Citation2018. "Firm Sorting and Agglomeration." American Economic Review, 108 (11): 3117-53. DOI: 10.1257/aer.20150361
- D22 Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
- D24 Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
- R11 Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
- R32 Other Spatial Production and Pricing Analysis