International Migration and Gender Discrimination among Children Left Behind
AbstractThis paper considers how international migration of the head of household affects the allocation of resources toward boys relative to girls within households remaining in the home country. I address the endogeneity of migration with a differences-in-differences style regression model that compares those households in which migrants have already returned home with those in which migrants are still away. The evidence suggests that while the head of household is away a greater fraction of resources are spent on girls relative to boys, but upon his return, this pattern is reversed.
CitationAntman, Francisca M. 2011. "International Migration and Gender Discrimination among Children Left Behind." American Economic Review, 101 (3): 645-49. DOI: 10.1257/aer.101.3.645
- F22 International Migration
- F24 Remittances
- J11 Demographic Trends and Forecasts; General Migration
- J13 Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J16 Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination