Inequality Among World Citizens: 1820-1992
American Economic Review
no. 4, September 2002
This paper investigates the distribution of well being among world citizens during the last two centuries. The estimates show that inequality of world distribution of income worsened from the beginning of the 19th century to World War II and after that seems to have stabilized or to have grown more slowly. In the early 19th century most inequality was due to differences within countries; later, it was due to differences between countries. Inequality in longevity, also increased during the 19th century, but then was reversed in the second half of the 20th century, perhaps mitigating the failure of income inequality to improve in the last decades. (JEL D31, F0, N0, O0)
Bourguignon, François, and Christian Morrisson.
"Inequality Among World Citizens: 1820-1992 ."
American Economic Review,
Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions
Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy: General, International, or Comparative
Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration