Journal of Economic Perspectives: Vol. 11 No. 4 (Fall 1997)


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EMU: Why and How It Might Happen

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Wyplosz, Charles. 1997. "EMU: Why and How It Might Happen." Journal of Economic Perspectives, 11(4): 3-21.

DOI: 10.1257/jep.11.4.3


This paper reviews the history, economic rationale, and main components of the project of establishing a monetary union in Europe by 1999. The adoption of a single currency is shown to be the best available option following the liberalization of capital movements. Most of the institution's design (central bank independence and objective, fiscal restraints) reflect Germany's fears of inflation as it is asked to give up its currency. The fiscal restraints are excessive, however, and a source of contractionary bias. The paper also presents the timetable of the final countdown.

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Wyplosz, Charles (Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva and CEPR)

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F36: Financial Aspects of Economic Integration


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