American Economic Review: Vol. 104 No. 6 (June 2014)

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US Food Aid and Civil Conflict

Article Citation

Nunn, Nathan, and Nancy Qian. 2014. "US Food Aid and Civil Conflict." American Economic Review, 104(6): 1630-66.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.104.6.1630

Abstract

We study the effect of U.S. food aid on conflict in recipient countries. Our analysis exploits time variation in food aid shipments due to changes in U.S. wheat production and cross-sectional variation in a country's tendency to receive any U.S. food aid. According to our estimates, an increase in U.S. food aid increases the incidence and duration of civil conflicts, but has no robust effect on inter-state conflicts or the onset of civil conflicts. We also provide suggestive evidence that the effects are most pronounced in countries with a recent history of civil conflict.

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Authors

Nunn, Nathan (Harvard U)
Qian, Nancy (Yale U)

JEL Classifications

D74: Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances
F35: Foreign Aid
O17: Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
O19: International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
Q11: Agriculture: Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
Q18: Agricultural Policy; Food Policy


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