American Economic Review: Vol. 102 No. 6 (October 2012)


Quick Tools:

Print Article Summary
Export Citation
Sign up for Email Alerts Follow us on Twitter


AER - All Issues

AER Forthcoming Articles

The Strategy of Manipulating Conflict

Article Citation

Baliga, Sandeep, and Tomas Sjöström. 2012. "The Strategy of Manipulating Conflict." American Economic Review, 102(6): 2897-2922.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.102.6.2897


Two players choose hawkish or dovish actions in a conflict game with incomplete information. An "extremist," who can either be a hawk or a dove, attempts to manipulate decision making. If actions are strategic complements, a hawkish extremist increases the likelihood of conflict, and reduces welfare, by sending a public message which triggers hawkish behavior from both players. If actions are strategic substitutes, a dovish extremist instead sends a public message which causes one player to become more dovish and the other more hawkish. A hawkish (dovish) extremist is unable to manipulate decision making if actions are strategic substitutes (complements). (JEL D74, D82)

Article Full-Text Access

Full-text Article


Baliga, Sandeep (Northwestern U)
Sjöström, Tomas (Rutgers U)

JEL Classifications

D74: Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances
D82: Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design

American Economic Review

Quick Tools:

Sign up for Email Alerts

Follow us on Twitter

Subscription Information
(Institutional Administrator Access)


AER - All Issues

AER - Forthcoming Articles

Virtual Field Journals

AEA Member Login:

AEAweb | AEA Journals | Contact Us