American Economic Review: Vol. 102 No. 3 (May 2012)


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Can Asia Overcome the IMF Stigma?

Article Citation

Ito, Takatoshi. 2012. "Can Asia Overcome the IMF Stigma?" American Economic Review, 102(3): 198-202.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.102.3.198


Asian countries still have the IMF stigma, which originates from the experiences of the Asian crisis of 1997-98. The feeling of being unfairly treated grew even stronger afterward. The Asian countries built large foreign reserves, carried out structural reforms, and became even stronger than pre- crisis period. Asians are confident in not repeating the same mistake of falling into a crisis with too much external borrowing. Whether IMF can entice Asia to new precautionary liquidities facilities remains uncertain. Asia may choose either to focus on completing a regional safety net or to engage in IMF, demanding for a greater voice and votes.

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Ito, Takatoshi (U Tokyo)

JEL Classifications

F33: International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
O19: International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
O24: Development Planning and Policy: Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy

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