Journal of Economic Perspectives: Vol. 16 No. 2 (Spring 2002)


Quick Tools:

Print Article Summary
Export Citation
Sign up for Email Alerts Follow us on Twitter


JEP - All Issues

Evolutionary Theorizing in Economics

Article Citation

Nelson, Richard R., and Sidney G. Winter. 2002. "Evolutionary Theorizing in Economics." Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16(2): 23-46.

DOI: 10.1257/0895330027247


This paper reviews the case for an evolutionary approach to problems of economic analysis, ranging from the details of individual firm behavior in the short run through industrial dynamics to the historical evolution of institutions and technologies. We draw upon a substantial body of recent research contributions. We characterize micro behavior as governed by skills and routines that are shaped by learning and selection. We then consider major areas of application of evolutionary thinking, including the analysis of competitive processes in technologically dynamic industries and the evolution of institutions and technologies.

Article Full-Text Access

Full-text Article (Complimentary)


Nelson, Richard R. (Columbia University, New York, New York, USA)
Winter, Sidney G. (Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA)


View Comments on This Article (0) | Login to post a comment

Journal of Economic Perspectives

Quick Tools:

Sign up for Email Alerts

Follow us on Twitter

Subscription Information
(Institutional Administrator Access)


JEP - All Issues

Virtual Field Journals

AEA Member Login:

AEAweb | AEA Journals | Contact Us