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American Economic Journal: Economic Policy: Vol. 5 No. 3 (August 2013)

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The Effect of a Universal Child Benefit on Conceptions, Abortions, and Early Maternal Labor Supply

Article Citation

González, Libertad. 2013. "The Effect of a Universal Child Benefit on Conceptions, Abortions, and Early Maternal Labor Supply." American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 5(3): 160-88.

DOI: 10.1257/pol.5.3.160

Abstract

I study the impact of a universal child benefit on fertility and maternal labor supply. I exploit the unanticipated introduction of a sizable child benefit in Spain in 2007. Following a regression discontinuity-type design, I find that the benefit significantly increased fertility, in part through a reduction in abortions. Families who received the benefit did not increase consumption. Instead, eligible mothers stayed out of the labor force longer after childbirth, which led to their children spending less time in formal child care.

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Authors

González, Libertad (U Pompeu Fabra and Barcelona GSE)

JEL Classifications

I38: Welfare and Poverty: Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
J22: Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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