Journal of Economic Perspectives: Vol. 8 No. 1 (Winter 1994)


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The Origins of Endogenous Growth

Article Citation

Romer, Paul M. 1994. "The Origins of Endogenous Growth." Journal of Economic Perspectives, 8(1): 3-22.

DOI: 10.1257/jep.8.1.3


This paper describes two strands of work that converged under the heading of 'endogenous growth.' One strand, which is primarily empirical, asks whether there is a general tendency for poor countries to catch up with rich countries. The other strand, which is primarily theoretical, asks what modifications are necessary to construct a theory of aggregate growth that takes the economics of discovery, innovation, and technological change seriously. The paper argues that the second strand of work will ultimately have a more significant impact on our understanding of growth and our approach to aggregate theory.

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Romer, Paul M. (U CA, Berkeley)

JEL Classifications

O40: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General
O11: Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development


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