American Economic Journal: Applied Economics: Vol. 6 No. 3 (July 2014)

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Child-Adoption Matching: Preferences for Gender and Race

Article Citation

Baccara, Mariagiovanna, Allan Collard-Wexler, Leonardo Felli, and Leeat Yariv. 2014. "Child-Adoption Matching: Preferences for Gender and Race." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 6(3): 133-58.

DOI: 10.1257/app.6.3.133

Abstract

This paper uses a new dataset on child-adoption matching to estimate the preferences of potential adoptive parents over US-born and unborn children relinquished for adoption. We identify significant preferences favoring girls and against African American children put up for adoption. These attitudes vary in magnitudes across different adoptive parents—heterosexual, same-sex couples, and single women. We consider the effects of excluding single women and same-sex couples from the process, and find that this would substantially reduce the overall number of adopted children.

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Authors

Baccara, Mariagiovanna (Washington U in St Louis)
Collard-Wexler, Allan (Duke U)
Felli, Leonardo (London School of Economics and Political Science)
Yariv, Leeat (CA Institute of Technology)

JEL Classifications

C78: Bargaining Theory; Matching Theory
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J15: Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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