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American Economic Review: Vol. 90 No. 5 (December 2000)

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Does Exchange-Rate Stability Increase Trade and Welfare?

Article Citation

Bacchetta, Philippe, and Eric van Wincoop. 2000. "Does Exchange-Rate Stability Increase Trade and Welfare?" American Economic Review, 90(5): 1093-1109.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.90.5.1093

Abstract

This paper develops a simple general-equilibrium framework to study the effect of the exchange-rate system on trade and welfare. An important feature of the model is deviations from purchasing-power parity, caused by rigid price setting in buyers' currency. In a benchmark model with separable preferences and only monetary shocks, trade is unaffected by the exchange-rate system, consistent with most evidence. In general, both trade and welfare can be higher under either exchange-rate system, depending on preferences and on the monetary-policy rules followed under each system. There is no one-to-one relationship between the levels of trade and welfare across exchange-rate systems.

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Authors

Bacchetta, Philippe (Study Center Gerzensee and U Lausanne)
van Wincoop, Eric (Federal Reserve Bank of New York)

JEL Classifications

F31: Foreign Exchange
F41: Open Economy Macroeconomics


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