American Economic Review: Vol. 90 No. 1 (March 2000)


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Mobility, Targeting, and Private-School Vouchers

Article Citation

Nechyba, ThomasJ. 2000. "Mobility, Targeting, and Private-School Vouchers." American Economic Review, 90(1): 130-146.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.90.1.130


This paper uses general-equilibrium simulations to explore the role of residential mobility in shaping the impact of different private-school voucher policies. The simulations are derived from a three-district model of low-, middle-, and high-income school districts (calibrated to New York data) with housing stocks that vary within and across districts. In this model, it is demonstrated that school-district targeted vouchers are similar in their impact to non targeted vouchers but vastly different from vouchers targeted to low-income households. Furthermore, strong migration effects are shown to significantly improve the likely equity consequences of voucher programs.

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Nechyba, Thomas J. (Duke U and NBER)

JEL Classifications

I22: Educational Finance
I28: Education: Government Policy
H73: State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations: Interjurisdictional Differentials and Their Effects

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