American Economic Review: Vol. 104 No. 5 (May 2014)

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Race and Marriage in the Labor Market: A Discrimination Correspondence Study in a Developing Country

Article Citation

Arceo-Gomez, Eva O., and Raymundo M. Campos-Vazquez. 2014. "Race and Marriage in the Labor Market: A Discrimination Correspondence Study in a Developing Country." American Economic Review, 104(5): 376-80.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.104.5.376

Abstract

In Mexico, as in most Latin American countries with indigenous populations, it is commonly believed that European phenotypes are preferred to mestizo or indigenous phenotypes. However, it is hard to test for such racial biases in the labor market using official statistics since race can only be inferred from native language. The experiment consisted on sending fictitious curriculums responding to job advertisements with randomized information of the applicants. The resumes included photographs representing three distinct phenotypes: Caucasian, mestizo, and indigenous. We find that indigenous looking females are discriminated against, but the effect is not present for males.

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Authors

Arceo-Gomez, Eva O. (CIDE, Mexico City)
Campos-Vazquez, Raymundo M. (El Colegio de Mexico)

JEL Classifications

J15: Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
J23: Labor Demand
J71: Labor Discrimination
O15: Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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