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American Economic Review: Vol. 103 No. 3 (May 2013)

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From Stagnation to Sustained Growth: The Role of Female Empowerment

Article Citation

Diebolt, Claude, and Faustine Perrin. 2013. "From Stagnation to Sustained Growth: The Role of Female Empowerment." American Economic Review, 103(3): 545-49.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.3.545

Abstract

This paper explores the role of gender equality over a long-run economic and demographic development path of industrialized countries. Our unified cliometric growth model of female empowerment suggests that changes in gender relations are a key ingredient of economic development. The economy evolves from a Malthusian regime--with slow technological progress, low income and low fertility--to a Modern Growth regime, with high living standards and low fertility. The rise in technological progress, together with improvements in gender equality, generates a positive feedback loop that engages the process of human capital accumulation (economic transition) and triggers the demographic transition.

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Authors

Diebolt, Claude (U Strasbourg)
Perrin, Faustine (U Strasbourg)

JEL Classifications

E23: Macroeconomics: Production
E32: Business Fluctuations; Cycles
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
N30: Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy: General, International, or Comparative


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