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American Economic Review: Vol. 103 No. 3 (May 2013)

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Fidelity Networks and Long-Run Trends in HIV/AIDS Gender Gaps

Article Citation

Pongou, Roland, and Roberto Serrano. 2013. "Fidelity Networks and Long-Run Trends in HIV/AIDS Gender Gaps." American Economic Review, 103(3): 298-302.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.3.298

Abstract

More than half of the HIV/AIDS-infected population today are women. We study a dynamic model of (in)fidelity, which explains the HIV/AIDS gender gap by the configuration of sexual networks. Each individual desires sexual relationships with opposite sex individuals. Two Markov matching processes are defined, each corresponding to a different culture of gender relations. The first process leads to egalitarian pairwise stable networks in the long run, and HIV/AIDS is equally prevalent among men and women. The second process leads to anti-egalitarian pairwise stable networks reflecting male domination, and women bear a greater burden. The results are consistent with empirical observations.

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Authors

Pongou, Roland (U Ottawa)
Serrano, Roberto (Brown U)

JEL Classifications

I12: Health Production
J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
O15: Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


American Economic Review


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