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American Economic Review: Vol. 103 No. 3 (May 2013)

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Earnings Inequality and the Intersectionality of Gender and Ethnicity in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Tanzanian Manufacturing

Article Citation

Elu, Juliet U., and Linda Loubert. 2013. "Earnings Inequality and the Intersectionality of Gender and Ethnicity in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Tanzanian Manufacturing." American Economic Review, 103(3): 289-92.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.3.289

Abstract

This paper estimates quantile earnings functions with data from the 2004 Tanzanian Household Worker Survey to determine if ethnicity and gender--being female--matters per se and across the distribution of earnings. We find that in the Tanzanian manufacturing sector gender intersects with ethnicity to condition earnings and the return to schooling across the distribution of earnings. This suggests that in Sub-Saharan Africa--at least in Tanzania--labor market policies aimed at eradicating gender earnings inequality may not be effective if not accompanied by policies that also aim to eradicate ethnic inequality.

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Authors

Elu, Juliet U. (Morehouse College)
Loubert, Linda (Morgan State U)

JEL Classifications

J15: Economics of Minorities, Races, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
J31: Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
L60: Industry Studies: Manufacturing: General
O14: Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
O15: Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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