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American Economic Review: Vol. 102 No. 7 (December 2012)

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The Effect of Evaluation on Teacher Performance

Article Citation

Taylor, Eric S., and John H. Tyler. 2012. "The Effect of Evaluation on Teacher Performance." American Economic Review, 102(7): 3628-51.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.102.7.3628

Abstract

Teacher performance evaluation has become a dominant theme in school reform efforts. Yet, whether evaluation changes the performance of teachers, the focus of this paper, is unknown. Instead, evaluation has largely been studied as an input to selective dismissal decisions. We study mid-career teachers for whom we observe an objective measure of productivity -- value-added to student achievement -- before, during, and after evaluation. We find teachers are more productive in post-evaluation years, with the largest improvements among teachers performing relatively poorly ex-ante. The results suggest teachers can gain information from evaluation and subsequently develop new skills, increase long-run effort, or both.

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Authors

Taylor, Eric S. (Stanford U)
Tyler, John H. (Brown U)

JEL Classifications

I21: Analysis of Education
I28: Education: Government Policy
J45: Public Sector Labor Markets


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