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American Economic Journal: Economic Policy: Vol. 4 No. 4 (November 2012)

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Poverty Alleviation and Child Labor

Article Citation

Edmonds, Eric V., and Norbert Schady. 2012. "Poverty Alleviation and Child Labor." American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 4(4): 100-124.

DOI: 10.1257/pol.4.4.100

Abstract

Poor women with children in Ecuador were selected at random for a cash transfer that is less than 20 percent of median child labor earnings. Poor families with children in school at the time of the award use the transfer to postpone the child's entry into the labor force. Students in families induced to take up the transfer by the experiment reduce paid employment by 78 percent and unpaid economic activity inside their home by 32 percent. Time in unpaid household services increases, but overall time spent working declines. (JEL I32, I38, J13, J22, J82, O12)

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Authors

Edmonds, Eric V. (Dartmouth College)
Schady, Norbert (Inter-American Development Bank)

JEL Classifications

I32: Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
I38: Welfare and Poverty: Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J22: Time Allocation and Labor Supply
J82: Labor Standards: Labor Force Composition
O12: Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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