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American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics: Vol. 3 No. 4 (October 2011)

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Forces Shaping Hours Worked in the OECD, 1960-2004

Article Citation

McDaniel, Cara. 2011. "Forces Shaping Hours Worked in the OECD, 1960-2004." American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 3(4): 27-52.

DOI: 10.1257/mac.3.4.27

Abstract

The goal of this paper is to examine the role of taxes and productivity growth as forces influencing market hours. To achieve this goal, the paper considers a calibrated growth model extended to include home production and subsistence consumption, both of which are found to be key features influencing market hours. The model is simulated for 15 OECD countries. The primary force driving changes in market hours is found to be changing labor income tax rates. Productivity catch-up relative to the United States is found to be an important secondary force. (JEL E24, H24, H31, J22, J24)

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Authors

McDaniel, Cara (AZ State U)

JEL Classifications

E24: Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital
H24: Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies; includes inheritance and gift taxes
H31: Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Household
J22: Time Allocation and Labor Supply
J24: Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics


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