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Journal of Economic Literature: Vol. 50 No. 4 (December 2012)

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Women Empowerment and Economic Development

Article Citation

Duflo, Esther. 2012. "Women Empowerment and Economic Development." Journal of Economic Literature, 50(4): 1051-79.

DOI: 10.1257/jel.50.4.1051

Abstract

Women empowerment and economic development are closely related: in one direction, development alone can play a major role in driving down inequality between men and women; in the other direction, empowering women may benefit development. Does this imply that pushing just one of these two levers would set a virtuous circle in motion? This paper reviews the literature on both sides of the empowerment–development nexus, and argues that the interrelationships are probably too weak to be self-sustaining, and that continuous policy commitment to equality for its own sake may be needed to bring about equality between men and women. (JEL I14, I24, I32, I38, J13, J16, O15)

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Authors

Duflo, Esther (MIT)

JEL Classifications

I14: Health and Inequality
I24: Education and Inequality
I32: Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
I38: Welfare and Poverty: Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
O15: Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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