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American Economic Journal: Applied Economics: Vol. 4 No. 1 (January 2012)

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Are Female Leaders Good for Education? Evidence from India

Article Citation

Clots-Figueras, Irma. 2012. "Are Female Leaders Good for Education? Evidence from India." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 4(1): 212-44.

DOI: 10.1257/app.4.1.212

Abstract

This paper shows that the gender of politicians affects the educational levels of individuals who grow up in the districts where these politicians are elected. A unique dataset collected on politicians in India is matched with individual data by cohort and district of residence. The political data allow the identification of close elections between women and men, which yield quasi-experimental election outcomes used to estimate the causal effect of the gender of politicians. Increasing female political representation increases the probability that an individual will attain primary education in urban areas, but not in rural areas, and not in the sample as a whole. (JEL D72, I20, J16, 015, 017)

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Authors

Clots-Figueras, Irma (U Carlos III de Madrid)

JEL Classifications

D72: Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
I20: Education and Research Institutions: General
J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
O15: Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
O17: Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements

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