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American Economic Journal: Applied Economics: Vol. 3 No. 4 (October 2011)

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Subsidized Farm Input Programs and Agricultural Performance: A Farm-Level Analysis of West Bengal's Green Revolution, 1982-1995

Article Citation

Bardhan, Pranab, and Dilip Mookherjee. 2011. "Subsidized Farm Input Programs and Agricultural Performance: A Farm-Level Analysis of West Bengal's Green Revolution, 1982-1995." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 3(4): 186-214.

DOI: 10.1257/app.3.4.186

Abstract

We examine the role of delivery of subsidized seeds and fertilizers in the form of agricultural minikits by local governments in three successive farm panels in West Bengal spanning 1982-1995. These programs significantly raised farm value added per acre, accounting for almost two-thirds of the observed growth. The estimates are robust to possible endogeneity of program placement, controls for farm and year effects, other programs of agricultural development, local weather, and price shocks. The effects of the kits delivery program overshadowed the effects of other rural development programs, including the tenancy registration program Operation Barga. (JEL O13, Q12, Q16, Q18)

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Authors

Bardhan, Pranab (U CA, Berkeley)
Mookherjee, Dilip (Boston U)

JEL Classifications

O13: Economic Development: Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products
Q12: Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
Q16: Agricultural R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
Q18: Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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