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American Economic Journal: Applied Economics: Vol. 3 No. 2 (April 2011)

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Peers, Neighborhoods, and Immigrant Student Achievement: Evidence from a Placement Policy

Article Citation

Åslund, Olof, Per-Anders Edin, Peter Fredriksson, and Hans Grönqvist. 2011. "Peers, Neighborhoods, and Immigrant Student Achievement: Evidence from a Placement Policy." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 3(2): 67-95.

DOI: 10.1257/app.3.2.67

Abstract

We examine to what extent immigrant school performance is affected by the characteristics of the neighborhoods that they grow up in. We address this issue using a refugee placement policy that provides exogenous variation in the initial place of residence in Sweden. The main result is that school performance is increasing in the number of highly educated adults sharing the subject's ethnicity. A standard deviation increase in the fraction of high-educated in the assigned neighborhood raises compulsory school GPA by 0.8 percentile ranks. Particularly for disadvantaged groups, there are also long-run effects on educational attainment. (JEL I21, J15, R23)

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Authors

Åslund, Olof (Uppsala U and IZA, Bonn)
Edin, Per-Anders (Uppsala U)
Fredriksson, Peter (Stockholm U and IZA, Bonn)
Grönqvist, Hans (SOFI, Stockholm U)

JEL Classifications

I21: Analysis of Education
J15: Economics of Minorities and Races; Non-labor Discrimination
R23: Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics: Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics

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