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American Economic Journal: Applied Economics: Vol. 2 No. 2 (April 2010)

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Malaria Eradication and Educational Attainment: Evidence from Paraguay and Sri Lanka

Article Citation

Lucas, Adrienne M. 2010. "Malaria Eradication and Educational Attainment: Evidence from Paraguay and Sri Lanka." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2(2): 46-71.

DOI: 10.1257/app.2.2.46

Abstract

Mid-twentieth century malaria eradication campaigns largely eliminated malaria from Paraguay and Sri Lanka. Using these interventions as quasi-experiments, I estimate malaria's effect on lifetime female educational attainment through the combination of pre-existing geographic variation in malarial intensity and cohort exposure based on the timing of the national anti-malaria campaigns. The estimates from Sri Lanka and Paraguay are similar and indicate that malaria eradication increased years of educational attainment and literacy. The similarity of the estimates across the countries reinforces our confidence in the validity of the identification strategy. (JEL I12, I18, I21, J16, O15, O18)

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Authors

Lucas, Adrienne M. (Wellesley College)

JEL Classifications

I12: Health Production
I18: Health: Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
I21: Analysis of Education
J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
O15: Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
O18: Economic Development: Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses; Transportation

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