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American Economic Journal: Applied Economics: Vol. 2 No. 1 (January 2010)

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Parental Education and Child Health: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Taiwan

Article Citation

Chou, Shin-Yi, Jin-Tan Liu, Michael Grossman, and Ted Joyce. 2010. "Parental Education and Child Health: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Taiwan." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2(1): 33-61.

DOI: 10.1257/app.2.1.33

Abstract

In 1968, the Taiwanese government extended compulsory education from 6 to 9 years and opened over 150 new junior high schools at a differential rate among regions. Within each region, we exploit variations across cohorts in new junior high school openings to construct an instrument for schooling, and employ it to estimate the causal effects of mother's or father's schooling on infant birth outcomes in the years 1978-1999. Parents' schooling does cause favorable infant health outcomes. The increase in schooling associated with the reform saved almost 1 infant life in 1,000 live births. (JEL I12, I21, J12, J13, R23)

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Authors

Chou, Shin-Yi (Lehigh U)
Liu, Jin-Tan (National Taiwan U)
Grossman, Michael (Graduate Center, CUNY)
Joyce, Ted (Baruch College, CUNY)

JEL Classifications

I12: Health Production
I21: Analysis of Education
J12: Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure; Domestic Abuse
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
R23: Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics: Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics

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