Are There Missing Girls in the United States? Evidence from Birth Data
Abrevaya, Jason. 2009. "Are There Missing Girls in the United States? Evidence from Birth Data."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
We offer evidence of gender selection within the United States.
Analysis of comprehensive birth data shows unusually high boy-birth
percentages after 1980 among later children (most notably third and
fourth children) born to Chinese and Asian Indian mothers. Based
upon linked data from California, Asian Indian mothers are found
to be significantly more likely to have a terminated pregnancy and to
give birth to a boy when they have previously only given birth to girls.
The observed boy-birth percentages are consistent with over 2,000
"missing" Chinese and Indian girls in the United States between
1991 and 2004. (JEL J11, J16)
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Abrevaya, Jason (U TX)
J11: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; General Migration
J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
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