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American Economic Review: Vol. 89 No. 3 (June 1999)

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Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela

Article Citation

Aitken, Brian J., and Ann E. Harrison. 1999. "Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela." American Economic Review, 89(3): 605-618.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.89.3.605

Abstract

Governments often promote inward foreign investment to encourage technology 'spillovers' from foreign to domestic firms. Using panel data on Venezuelan plants, the authors find that foreign equity participation is positively correlated with plant productivity (the 'own-plant' effect), but this relationship is only robust for small enterprises. They then test for spillovers from joint ventures to plants with no foreign investment. Foreign investment negatively affects the productivity of domestically owned plants. The net impact of foreign investment, taking into account these two offsetting effects, is quite small. The gains from foreign investment appear to be entirely captured by joint ventures.

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Authors

Aitken, Brian J. (IMF)
Harrison, Ann E. (Columbia U)

JEL Classifications

O19: International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
F21: International Investment; Long-term Capital Movements


American Economic Review


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