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American Economic Review: Vol. 103 No. 3 (May 2013)

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Adult Antiretroviral Therapy and Child Health: Evidence from Scale-Up in Zambia

Article Citation

Lucas, Adrienne M., and Nicholas L. Wilson. 2013. "Adult Antiretroviral Therapy and Child Health: Evidence from Scale-Up in Zambia." American Economic Review, 103(3): 456-61.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.3.456

Abstract

One in five Zambian children lives with an HIV/AIDS-infected adult. We estimate the effect that the availability of adult antiretroviral therapy (ART) has on the health of such children. Using a triple difference specification, we find that adult access to ART resulted in increased weight-for-age and decreased incidence of stunting among children younger than 60 months who resided with an infected father or other infected adult in an intact household. Because the increased availability of adult ART in sub-Saharan Africa has multigenerational effects, cost-effectiveness estimates restricted to direct recipients understate the economic benefit of the treatment.

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Authors

Lucas, Adrienne M. (U DE)
Wilson, Nicholas L. (Williams College)

JEL Classifications

I12: Health Production
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
O15: Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


American Economic Review


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