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American Economic Review: Vol. 103 No. 3 (May 2013)

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Access to Credit by Firms in Sub-Saharan Africa: How Relevant Is Gender?

Article Citation

Asiedu, Elizabeth, Isaac Kalonda-Kanyama, Leonce Ndikumana, and Akwasi Nti-Addae. 2013. "Access to Credit by Firms in Sub-Saharan Africa: How Relevant Is Gender?" American Economic Review, 103(3): 293-97.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.3.293

Abstract

The literature on the determinants of firms' financing constraints has paid little attention to gender as a determinant of access to finance. Using data for 34,342 firms from 90 developing countries, the paper analyzes the determinants of firms' financing constraints and assesses whether female-owned firms are more financially constrained than male-owned businesses. The results show that female-owned firms in sub-Saharan Africa are more likely to be financially constrained than male-owned firms, but there is no gender gap in other developing regions. The gender gap in sub-Saharan Africa is robust to variations in specifications and econometric estimation procedures.

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Author Disclosure Statement(s) (144.51 KB) | Online Appendix (117.98 KB) | Download Data Set (509.50 KB)

Authors

Asiedu, Elizabeth (U KS)
Kalonda-Kanyama, Isaac (U Johannesburg)
Ndikumana, Leonce (U MA)
Nti-Addae, Akwasi (U KS)

JEL Classifications

J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
G21: Banks; Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
G32: Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
O14: Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
O16: Economic Development: Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance


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