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American Economic Review: Vol. 101 No. 3 (May 2011)

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Electricity Consumption and Durable Housing: Understanding Cohort Effects

Article Citation

Costa, Dora L., and Matthew E. Kahn. 2011. "Electricity Consumption and Durable Housing: Understanding Cohort Effects." American Economic Review, 101(3): 88-92.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.101.3.88

Abstract

We find that households living in California homes built in the 1960s and 1970s had high electricity consumption in 2000 relative to houses of more recent vintages because the price of electricity at the time of home construction was low. Homes built in the early 1990s had lower electricity consumption than homes of earlier vintages because the price of electricity was higher. The elasticity of the price of electricity at the time of construction was -0.22. As homes built between 1960 and 1989 become a smaller share of the housing stock, average household electricity purchases will fall.

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Authors

Costa, Dora L. (UCLA)
Kahn, Matthew E. (Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA)

JEL Classifications

D12: Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
L94: Electric Utilities
Q41: Energy: Demand and Supply


American Economic Review


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