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American Economic Review: Vol. 101 No. 3 (May 2011)

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Which Dimensions of Culture Matter for Long-Run Growth?

Article Citation

Gorodnichenko, Yuriy, and Gerard Roland. 2011. "Which Dimensions of Culture Matter for Long-Run Growth?" American Economic Review, 101(3): 492-98.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.101.3.492

Abstract

We present empirical evidence that, among a variety of cultural dimensions, the individualism-collectivism dimension, based on Hofstede's (2001) data, is the most important and robustly significant effect of culture on long run growth. Other dimensions that have a significant effect, albeit less robust, are generally strongly correlated with individualism and convey similar information. We found no significant or robust effect on growth from cultural dimensions that are independent from the individualism-collectivism cleavage.

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Authors

Gorodnichenko, Yuriy (U CA, Berkeley)
Roland, Gerard (U CA, Berkeley)

JEL Classifications

O47: Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
Z13: Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification


American Economic Review


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