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American Economic Review: Vol. 101 No. 1 (February 2011)

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The Effect of Female Education on Fertility and Infant Health: Evidence from School Entry Policies Using Exact Date of Birth

Article Citation

McCrary, Justin, and Heather Royer. 2011. "The Effect of Female Education on Fertility and Infant Health: Evidence from School Entry Policies Using Exact Date of Birth." American Economic Review, 101(1): 158-95.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.101.1.158

Abstract

This paper uses age-at-school-entry policies to identify the effect of female education on fertility and infant health. We focus on sharp contrasts in schooling, fertility, and infant health between women born just before and after the school entry date. School entry policies affect female education and the quality of a woman's mate and have generally small, but possibly heterogeneous, effects on fertility and infant health. We argue that school entry policies manipulate primarily the education of young women at risk of dropping out of school. (JEL I12, I21, J13, J16)

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Authors

McCrary, Justin (U CA, Berkeley)
Royer, Heather (U CA, Santa Barbara)

JEL Classifications

I12: Health Production
I21: Analysis of Education
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination


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