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American Economic Journal: Economic Policy: Vol. 3 No. 2 (May 2011)

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The End of Court-Ordered Desegregation

Article Citation

Lutz, Byron. 2011. "The End of Court-Ordered Desegregation." American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 3(2): 130-68.

DOI: 10.1257/pol.3.2.130

Abstract

In response to three Supreme Court rulings in the early 1990s, numerous court-ordered desegregation plans have been terminated. Using a unique dataset and an event study research design, this paper explores the impact of these terminations. The results suggest that termination produces a moderate increase in racial segregation. Outside of the south, dismissal also increases the rate at which black students drop out of school and attend private school. In the south, in contrast, there is no change in the school attendance patterns of blacks. Finally, evidence is presented that whites re-enter dismissed districts in large numbers in the south. (JEL H75, I21, I28, J15, K10)

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Authors

Lutz, Byron (Federal Reserve Board)

JEL Classifications

H75: State and Local Government: Health; Education; Welfare; Public Pensions
I21: Analysis of Education
I28: Education: Government Policy
J15: Economics of Minorities and Races; Non-labor Discrimination
K10: Basic Areas of Law: General (Constitutional Law)

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