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Journal of Economic Literature: Vol. 48 No. 3 (September 2010)

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Services Trade and Policy

Article Citation

Francois, Joseph, and Bernard Hoekman. 2010. "Services Trade and Policy." Journal of Economic Literature, 48(3): 642-92.

DOI: 10.1257/jel.48.3.642

Abstract

A substantial body of research has taken shape on trade in services since the mid-1980s. Much of this is inspired by the WTO and regional trade agreements. However, an increasing number of papers focus on the impacts of unilateral services sector liberalization. The literature touches on important linkages between trade and FDI in services and the general pattern of productivity growth and economic development. This paper surveys the literature on services trade, focusing on contributions that investigate the determinants of international trade and investment in services, the potential gains from greater trade, and efforts to cooperate to achieve such liberalization through trade agreements. There is increasing evidence that services liberalization is a major potential source of gains in economic performance, including productivity in manufacturing and the coordination of activities both between and within firms. The performance of service sectors, and thus services policies, may also be an important determinant of trade volumes, the distributional effects of trade, and overall patterns of economic growth and development. At the same time, services trade is also a source of increasing political unease about the impacts of globalization on labor markets, linked to worries about offshoring and the potential pressure this places on wages in high income countries.

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Authors

Francois, Joseph (Johannes Kepler U Linz)
Hoekman, Bernard (World Bank)

JEL Classifications

F13: Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
F14: Country and Industry Studies of Trade
F23: Multinational Firms; International Business
L80: Industry Studies: Services: General
L90: Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities: General
O19: International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations


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