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American Economic Journal: Applied Economics: Vol. 4 No. 3 (July 2012)

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How Large Are the Effects from Temporary Changes in Family Environment: Evidence from a Child-Evacuation Program during World War II

Article Citation

Santavirta, Torsten. 2012. "How Large Are the Effects from Temporary Changes in Family Environment: Evidence from a Child-Evacuation Program during World War II." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 4(3): 28-42.

DOI: 10.1257/app.4.3.28

Abstract

During World War II, some 50,000 Finnish children were evacuated to Sweden and placed in foster families. The evacuation scheme limited sharply the scope for selection into foster care based on background characteristics. A first-come first-served policy was applied where the children were assigned a running number and processed anonymously. Using register and survey data, I examine the extent to which the foster environment affected later life outcomes of the Finnish child evacuees. The results show that nurture, the socioeconomic environment at early stages of life, has important effects on schooling. (JEL I21, J13, J24, N34, N44)

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Authors

Santavirta, Torsten (SOFI, Stockholm U)

JEL Classifications

I21: Analysis of Education
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J24: Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
N34: Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy: Europe: 1913-
N44: Economic History: Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation: Europe: 1913-

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