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American Economic Journal: Applied Economics: Vol. 4 No. 2 (April 2012)

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Castes and Labor Mobility

Article Citation

Hnatkovska, Viktoria, Amartya Lahiri, and Sourabh Paul. 2012. "Castes and Labor Mobility." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 4(2): 274-307.

DOI: 10.1257/app.4.2.274

Abstract

We examine the relative fortunes of the historically disadvantaged scheduled castes and tribes (SC/ST) in India in terms of their education attainment, occupation choices, consumption and wages. We study the period 1983-2005 using household survey data from successive rounds of the National Sample Survey. We find that this period has been characterized by a significant convergence of education, occupation distribution, wages and consumption levels of SC/STs toward non-SC/ST levels. Using various decomposition approaches we find that the improvements in education account for a major part of the wage and consumption convergence. (JEL I24, O15, O17, Z13)

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Authors

Hnatkovska, Viktoria (U British Columbia)
Lahiri, Amartya (U British Columbia)
Paul, Sourabh (National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi)

JEL Classifications

I24: Education and Inequality
O15: Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
O17: Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
Z13: Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification

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