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American Economic Journal: Applied Economics: Vol. 4 No. 2 (April 2012)

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Productivity Spillovers across Firms through Worker Mobility

Article Citation

Stoyanov, Andrey, and Nikolay Zubanov. 2012. "Productivity Spillovers across Firms through Worker Mobility." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 4(2): 168-98.

DOI: 10.1257/app.4.2.168

Abstract

Using matched firm-worker data from Danish manufacturing, we observe firm-to-firm worker movements and find that firms that hired workers from more productive firms experience productivity gains one year after the hiring. The productivity gains associated with hiring from more productive firms are equivalent to 0.35 percent per year for an average firm. Surviving a variety of statistical controls, these gains increase with education, tenure, and skill level of new hires, persist for several years after the hiring was done, and remain broadly similar for different industries and measures of productivity. Competing explanations for these gains, knowledge spillovers in particular, are discussed. (JEL D24, J24, J62, L60, O33)

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Authors

Stoyanov, Andrey (York U)
Zubanov, Nikolay (Erasmus U Rotterdam)

JEL Classifications

D24: Production; Cost; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
J24: Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
J62: Job, Occupational, and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
L60: Industry Studies: Manufacturing: General
O33: Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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