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American Economic Journal: Applied Economics: Vol. 4 No. 1 (January 2012)

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School Desegregation and Urban Change: Evidence from City Boundaries

Article Citation

Boustan, Leah Platt. 2012. "School Desegregation and Urban Change: Evidence from City Boundaries." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 4(1): 85-108.

DOI: 10.1257/app.4.1.85

Abstract

I examine changes in the city-suburban housing price gap in metropolitan areas with and without court-ordered desegregation plans over the 1970s, narrowing my comparison to housing units on opposite sides of district boundaries. Desegregation of public schools in central cities reduced the demand for urban residence, leading urban housing prices and rents to decline by 6 percent relative to neighboring suburbs. Aversion to integration was due both to changes in peer composition and to student reassignment to nonneighborhood schools. The associated reduction in the urban tax base imposed a fiscal externality on remaining urban residents. (JEL H75, I21, I28, J15, R23, R31)

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Authors

Boustan, Leah Platt (UCLA)

JEL Classifications

H75: State and Local Government: Health; Education; Welfare; Public Pensions
I21: Analysis of Education
I28: Education: Government Policy
J15: Economics of Minorities, Races, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
R23: Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Economics: Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics
R31: Housing Supply and Markets

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