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American Economic Journal: Applied Economics: Vol. 3 No. 3 (July 2011)

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Are High-Quality Schools Enough to Increase Achievement among the Poor? Evidence from the Harlem Children's Zone

Article Citation

Dobbie, Will, and Roland G. Fryer. 2011. "Are High-Quality Schools Enough to Increase Achievement among the Poor? Evidence from the Harlem Children's Zone." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 3(3): 158-87.

DOI: 10.1257/app.3.3.158

Abstract

Harlem Children's Zone (HCZ), an ambitious social experiment, combines community programs with charter schools. We provide the first empirical test of the causal impact of HCZ charters on educational outcomes. Both lottery and instrumental variable identification strategies suggest that the effects of attending an HCZ middle school are enough to close the black-white achievement gap in mathematics. The effects in elementary school are large enough to close the racial achievement gap in both mathematics and ELA. We conclude with evidence that suggests high-quality schools are enough to significantly increase academic achievement among the poor. Community programs appear neither necessary nor sufficient. (JEL H75, I21, I28, J13, R23)

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Authors

Dobbie, Will (Harvard U)
Fryer, Roland G. (Harvard U)

JEL Classifications

H75: State and Local Government: Health; Education; Welfare; Public Pensions
I21: Analysis of Education
I28: Education: Government Policy
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
R23: Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics: Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics

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