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American Economic Journal: Applied Economics: Vol. 1 No. 3 (July 2009)

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HIV/AIDS and Fertility

Article Citation

Fortson, Jane G. 2009. "HIV/AIDS and Fertility." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 1(3): 170-94.

DOI: 10.1257/app.1.3.170

Abstract

This paper studies the response of fertility to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. I use repeated cross sections of the Demographic and Health Surveys for 12 countries in sub-Saharan Africa to examine this question empirically. Using individual birth histories from these data, I construct estimates of the regional total fertility rate over time. In a difference-in-differences approach, I compare regional HIV prevalence to changes in total fertility rates from the 1980s to the present. My results suggest that HIV/AIDS had very little impact on fertility, both overall and in a sample of HIV-negative women. (JEL I12, J13, O12)

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Authors

Fortson, Jane G. (Mathematica Policy Research, Inc, Oakland, CA)

JEL Classifications

I12: Health Production
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
O12: Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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