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American Economic Review: Vol. 103 No. 5 (August 2013)

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Taxation and International Migration of Superstars: Evidence from the European Football Market

Article Citation

Kleven, Henrik Jacobsen, Camille Landais, and Emmanuel Saez. 2013. "Taxation and International Migration of Superstars: Evidence from the European Football Market." American Economic Review, 103(5): 1892-1924.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.5.1892

Abstract

We analyze the effects of top tax rates on international migration of football players in 14 European countries since 1985. Both country case studies and multinomial regressions show evidence of strong mobility responses to tax rates, with an elasticity of the number of foreign (domestic) players to the net-of-tax rate around one (around 0.15). We also find evidence of sorting effects (low taxes attract highability players who displace low-ability players) and displacement effects (low taxes on foreigners displace domestic players). Those results can be rationalized in a simple model of migration and taxation with rigid labor demand.

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Authors

Kleven, Henrik Jacobsen (London School of Economics and Political Science)
Landais, Camille (London School of Economics and Political Science)
Saez, Emmanuel (U CA, Berkeley)

JEL Classifications

F22: International Migration
H24: Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies; includes inheritance and gift taxes
H31: Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Household
J44: Professional Labor Markets; Occupational Licensing
J61: Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
L83: Sports; Gambling; Recreation; Tourism


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