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American Economic Review: Vol. 103 No. 3 (May 2013)


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HIV Risk and Adolescent Behaviors in Africa

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Case, Anne, and Christina Paxson. 2013. "HIV Risk and Adolescent Behaviors in Africa." American Economic Review, 103(3): 433-38.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.3.433


We investigate the relationship between HIV, marriage and nonmarital sexual activity, with a focus on adolescent behaviors. We use data from 45 Demographic and Health Surveys to examine how adolescent behavior among women born from 1958 to 1965 are related to the subsequent spread of HIV over time. These women were adolescents during the early 1980s, a time when HIV had started to spread but the cause was still unknown. We find that areas with currently high HIV rates had greater female education and more premarital sexual activity in the cohorts that came of age before HIV was understood.

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Case, Anne (Princeton U)
Paxson, Christina (Brown U)

JEL Classifications

I12: Health Production
I20: Education and Research Institutions: General
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
O15: Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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